Stroke 

Stroke - Face Arms Speech Time - FAST 
The information below is no replacement for attending a first aid course where you will have the opportunity to practice your skills under the guidance of one of our qualified and experienced first aid instructors. 
 
A stroke causes either short-term or permanent damage to the brain and/or body. If you suspect a stroke then you must act FAST 
 
F - Facial weakness 
Can the person smile? 
Has the face dropped on one side? 
 
A - Arm weakness 
Can the person raise both arms? 
 
S - Speech problems 
Can the person speak clearly and understand what you say? 
 
T - Time to call 999 
By calling 999 early, treatment can be given which can prevent further damage 
Call 999 
If responsive lay the casualty down with head and shoulders raised, or assist into a comfortable position. 
If unconscious, place into the recovery position (affected side down) 
Loosed restrictive clothing 
Monitor airway and breathing 
Be prepared to carry out basic life support