Primary Survey - Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing 

Primary Survey - Danger Response Airway Breathing - DRAB 
 
The information below is no replacement for attending a first aid course where you will have the opportunity to practice your skills under the guidance of one of our qualified and experienced first aid instructors. 
 
Primary Survey - DRAB. The primary survey is a fast and systematic way to find and treat any life threatening conditions in a priority order. . . . and don't forget to shout for HELP! 
 
D - Danger 
Ensure that the casualty, any bystanders and you are safe 
 
R - Response 
Quickly check to see if the casualty is conscious. Gently shake or tap the casualtys shoulders and ask loudly "are you alright?" 
 
A - Airway 
Identify and treat any life-threatening airway conditions (such as choking or suffocation) 
If the casualty is unconscious, tilt the head back and lift the chin to open the airway 
When the airway is clear/open, continue to breathing 
 
B - Breathing 
Identify and treat any life threatening breathing problems (such as Asthma) 
If the casualty is unconscious and not breathing normally, perform CPR